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The accusative case (1)

This table shows the use of the accusative case with definite and indefinite articles.



Number "the" "a"
singular, male den  roten  Stuhl einen  roten  Stuhl
singular, female die  weiße  Jacke eine  weiße  Jacke
singular, neuter das  blaue  Telefon ein  blaues  Telefon
     
plural, all genders or mixed die  gelben  Bananen n.a.

Please note:


If the accusative case is used without definite or indefinite article, the adjective endings are different from what is shown above. Please see “The accusative case (2)” for more information.


The table for the accusative case is very similar to the nominative case. Actually, only the first row (male) is different. However, here we have a very different situation: Not only the adjectives is changing (ending), the article itself is also changing: 'der' into 'den' and 'ein' into 'einen'. Furthermore, even some nouns are affected ( "den älteren Herrn". The table above does not indicate when and how this is done; please see "The accusative case (2)" for more information.


Use of the accusative case:


>>> It is used for direct objects.


>>> 'Für' (= for) and 'ohne' (=without) are always followed by the accusative case.


>>> It is used in many more situations; please see “The accusative case (2)”


Examples:


Ich kaufe einen roten Schal für meinen großen Sohn.


Die Sekretärin bucht einen frühen Flug für ihren Chef.


Bitte, wir hätten gern ein großes Bier und einen schwarzen Kaffee.


Ich gehe gern mir dir ins Kino, aber nur ohne deinen Mann!


Ich esse einen großen Kuchen und einen Pudding.


Ohne ihn geht es viel schneller.


Siehst du den dunklen Anzug dort im Schaufenster? Ich kaufe ihn für meinen Mann.


 

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