- - - - - - - copyright www.Learn-German-thoroughly.de - - - - - - -

Go to:  accusative accusative or dative dative genitive

Prepositions used with accusative


Preposition Meaning
bis
until, to
durch
through
... entlang (*1)
along
für
for
gegen
against
ohne
without
um
around
- - -
- - -
á
per
betreffend
referring to, regarding
je
per, each
kontra
contra, against
per
per
pro

per

versus
versus
via
via
wider
against, contra
*1: 'entlang' is used with accusative, if it follows the noun it refers to: "Er ging die Straße entlang.".
If 'entlang' preceeds the noun it refers to, it is used with genitive: "Entlang der Straße wuchsen viele Apfelbäume.".

Prepositions used with accusative or dative

Preposition Meaning
an
on, at, by
auf
on, above
hinter
behind, after
in
in, into
neben
next to, by
über
over, above
unter
under, below
vor
in front of, before
zwischen
between
(ab) (*2)
from
*2: 'ab' does not belong to the group of the "Wechselpräpositionen", which are listed above. In most cases it is used with dative and many grammar books even list it under dative only. However, when expressing definite time it is possible to use it with accusative (instead of dative), as long as no determiner is following. Thus we say: "Ab dem nächsten Montag werde ich nicht mehr arbeiten." or "Ab nächstem Montag werde ich nicht mehr arbeiten." (both phrases dative), but also: "Ab nächsten Montag arbeite ich länger."(no article, acccusative). More examples: "Ab nächstem Monat habe ich ein Auto." "Ab dem nächsten Monat habe ich ein Auto." "Ab nächsten Monat habe ich ein Auto." The use of 'ab' with dative is the much more common one.

Prepositions used with dative

Preposition Meaning
ab (*2)
from
aus
from, out of
bei
by, at
mit
with
nach
after, to, towards
seit
since
von
from, of
zu
to, towards
- - -
- - -
außer
apart from
binnen (*3)
within
entgegen
towards, contradicting
entsprechend
according
gegenüber
opposite to
gemäß
according
getreu
according, following
gemäß
according, following
laut (*4)
according, following
mitsamt
with, inclusive, including
nahe
to remind, remember
nebst
along with, in addition to
samt
with, inclusive, including
vis-á-vis
opposite, facing
zufolge
after, pursuant to
zuliebe
for somebody's sake
*2: 'ab' does not belong to the group of the "Wechselpräpositionen". In most cases it is used with dative and many grammar books even list it under dative only. However, when expressing definite time it is possible to use it with accusative (instead of dative), as long as no determiner is following. Thus we say: "Ab dem nächsten Montag werde ich nicht mehr arbeiten." or "Ab nächstem Montag werde ich nicht mehr arbeiten." (both phrases dative), but also: "Ab nächsten Montag arbeite ich länger."(no article, acccusative). More examples: "Ab nächstem Monat habe ich ein Auto." "Ab dem nächsten Monat habe ich ein Auto." "Ab nächsten Monat habe ich ein Auto." The use of 'ab' with dative is the much more common one.
*3: 'binnen' is used with dative and with genitive.Thus you will hear: "Binnen einem Jahr war das ganze Geld verbraucht." but also: "Binnen eines Jahres soll das Haus fertig sein.". The use with dative is much more common.
*4: 'laut' is mostly used with dative, at least then when the noun it refers to is not preceeded by an article, adjective or adverb. Thus we say: "Laut dem Vertrag darf hier nicht gebaut werden.". However, when an article/adjectie/adverb preceeds the noun, 'laut' is (albeit less commonly) also used with genitive and you may hear: "Laut eines Zeitungsberichtes gab es gestern einen Unfall im Zentrum.".

Prepositions used with genitive

Preposition Meaning
anhand
by, with the help of
anstatt
instead of
entlang ... (*1)
along
links (*5)
to the left of
rechts (*5)
to the right of
statt
instead of
trotz
despite, inspite of
während
while, during
wegen
because of, due to
- - -
- - -
abseits
off
abzüglich
less, minus
angesichts
given, in the face of
anlässlich
on the occasion of
ausschließlich
exclusive of, exclusively
außerhalb
outside of, beyond
beiderseits
on both sides of
bezüglich
referring to
dank
thanks to
diesseits
on this side of
einschließlich
including, inclusively
exklusive
excluding, exclusively
fern
far away from, in distance of
fernab
far away from, in distance of
hinsichtlich
regarding, considering
infolge
in consequence of, due to
inklusive
including, inclusively
inmitten
amongst
innerhalb
within, inside
jenseits
outside of, beyond
kraft
by virtue of
längs
along
">(laut) (*4)
according to, following
mittels
by, via, using
nördlich
in the north of
oberhalb
above
östlich
in the east of
seitens
on the part of
seitlich
on the side of
südlich
in the south of
um....willen
for the sake of...
ungeachtet
regardless of
unterhalb
under, below
vorbehaltlich
suspect to
weitab
far away from
westlich
in the west of
zuzüglich
plus
zwecks
to, for, for the purpose of
">- - -
- - -
anstelle
instead of
aufgrund
because of, due to
eingedenk
recalling, in memory of
in puncto
regarding, concerning
längsseits
alongside
mithilfe
by, with the help of
seitwärts
sidelong, sideward
unbeschadet
notwithstanding, regardless of
unfern
not far from
unweit
not far from
vermöge
by, in virtue of
zeit
during, at the lifetime of
zu Händen
for the attention of
zugunsten
in favour of, for the benefit of
zulasten
account of, to the disadvantage of
zuungunsten
to the disadvantage of
*4: 'laut' is mostly used with dative, at least when the noun it refers to is not preceeded by an article, adjective or adverb. Thus we say: "Laut dem Vertrag darf hier nicht gebaut werden.". However, when an article/adjective/adverb preceeds the noun, 'laut' is (albeit less commonly) also used with genitive and you may hear: "Laut eines Zeitungsberichtes gab es gestern einen Unfall im Zentrum.".
*5: 'links' and 'rechts' are used with genitive. Accordingly, we say: "Links des Bahnhofs steht eine große Linde." or "Wir hielten uns rechts des Flusses.". But it is also very common to use 'links' and 'rechts' together with 'von', which then requires the dative. So you can say: "Links meines Hauses....." or "Links von meinem Haus....", "Rechts des Weges......" or "Rechts von dem Weg....." The same applies for many prepositions which require the genitive: diesseits, jenseits, innerhalb, außerhalb and others.
On a general note, please be clear that the case required by a preposition can be "overwritten" by another preposition if it follows immediately. Example: 'bis' takes the accusative and accordingly we say: "Bis nächstes Jahr muss das fertig sein!". However, if 'bis' is followed bei 'zu' (and quite often it is), the dative "overrules" and we say: "Bis zum nächsten Jahr muss das fertig sein!".




- - - - - - - copyright www.Learn-German-thoroughly.de - - - - - - -